A type of amnesia in which the sufferer loses only certain parts of their memory. Common elements that may be forgotten are relationships, where they live and certain special abilities and talents (eg juggling, whistling, instrumental talents etc.). It has been shown that all individuals could experience selective amnesia in their lives.
Selective amnesia has been defined as a phenomenon experienced when people pay attention to the information given but then almost immediately forget it, allowing them to use their attention more effectively on something else. As an example, in a study conducted in 2011, participants were put into pairs and each pair was given five minutes to interact with assigned stimuli. The participants’ actions and speech were recorded during this time. After the five minutes were completed, the experimenter questioned the participants about why they made certain decisions or said certain things and found that inattention blindness, attention capture and selective amnesia all played a role in the participant’s overall accuracy.