Heat is a 1995 American crime drama film written and directed by American director Michael Mann. The film follows the conflict between an LAPD detective played by Al Pacino and a career thief played by Robert De Niro while also depicting its effect on their professional relationships and personal lives.
The media described later robberies as resembling scenes from Heat including armoured car robberies, in particular the 1997 north Hollywood shootout, considered one of the longest and bloodiest events of its kind in American police history, in which Larry Phillips, Jr and Emil Mătăsăreanu robbed the north Hollywood branch of the Bank of America. Similar to events in the film, the pair were confronted by the LAPD as they left the bank. Both robbers were killed with 11 police officers and seven civilians being injured during the shootout. A copy of Heat was later found at Phillips’ home.
Heat was also one of the inspirations behind the highly influential 2001 video game Grand Theft Auto III as well as the 2008 sequel Grand Theft Auto IV, notably the mission Three Leaf Clover which was inspired by the climactic bank robbery and police shootout and the 2013 sequel Grand Theft Auto V, notably the mission Blitz Play where the crew blocks and then knocks over an armoured car in order to rob it.
Some gangsters also referenced Heat including French gangster and serial jailbreaker Rédoine Faïd who claimed that Mann was his “technical adviser”.