Drogue parachutes can be used for various purposes, such as to decrease speed, provide control and stability, or as a pilot parachute to deploy a larger parachute. Vehicles that have used drogue parachutes include multi-stage parachutes, aircraft and spacecraft recovery systems.
The drogue parachute was invented and first used in 1912 by Russian professor and parachute specialist Gleb Kotelnikov who also invented the knapsack parachute. The Soviet Union introduced its first aircraft fitted with drogue parachutes during the mid-1930s and the use of the technology expanded during and after the Second World War. Since then, a large number of jet-powered aircraft have been furnished with drogue parachutes including the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress strategic bomber and the Eurofighter Typhoon multirole aircraft; they were also commonly used within crewed space vehicle recovery programmes.