Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

4'33"

ADDPMP085

4′33″ (pronounced “four minutes, thirty-three seconds” or just “four thirty-three”) is a three-movement composition by American experimental composer John Cage (1912–1992). It was composed in 1952, for any instrument or combination of instruments, and the score instructs the performer(s) not to play their instrument(s) during the entire duration of the piece throughout the three movements. The piece consists of the sounds of the environment that the listeners hear while it is performed,[4] although it is commonly perceived as “four minutes thirty-three seconds of silence”. The title of the piece refers to the total length in minutes and seconds of a given performance, 4′33″ being the total length of the first public performance.

Conceived around 1947–48, while the composer was working on Sonatas and Interludes, 4′33″ became for Cage the epitome of his idea that any sounds may constitute music. It was also a reflection of the influence of Zen Buddhism, which Cage had studied since the late 1940s. In a 1982 interview, and on numerous other occasions, Cage stated that 4′33″ was, in his opinion, his most important work. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians describes 4′33″ as Cage’s “most famous and controversial creation”.

4'33" - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
Antimatter Cost - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP567
Antimatter Cost
Pyramid Scheme - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP552
Pyramid Scheme
Civil Defense Siren - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP266
Civil Defense Siren
Eugen Sandow - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP623
Eugen Sandow
Courtroom Sketches - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP612
Courtroom Sketches
Moving Sofa Problem - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP487
Moving Sofa Problem
Greater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP523
Greater Green River Intergalactic Spaceport
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP563
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitives
Self-Hypnosis - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP023
Self-Hypnosis
We Are Our Mountains - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP611
We Are Our Mountains
Prison Map - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP133
Prison Map
Miss Belvedere - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP486
Miss Belvedere

You are using an outdated browser.
Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.