A coat produced by process of entanglement of animal fibers and then felting. The technique was originally devised in nomadic communities of Central Asia before the 3rd century B.C.E, and then spread toward China and the Greek world.
The main substances used in the production of felt are camel and sheep wool or goat’s underhair, mostly beige, brown, gray, or black. In addition, some types of light-colored felts can be more or less highly decorated.
In both ancient Iran and Turkey, hooded mantles and cloaks of felt and other kinds of felt clothing appeared to be reserved for men. The coats, with true or false sleeves, were mostly worn by shepherds to protect themselves against rain or cold and to carry things. The headgears had a more formal use, for example the turban of Zoroastrian priests or the toque and tiara of Persian soldiers.