Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

Tardigrades In Outer Space

ADDPMP395
Tardigrades In Outer Space - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

Tardigrades are the first known animal to survive after exposure to outer space. In September 2007, dehydrated tardigrades were taken into low Earth orbit on the FOTON-M3 mission carrying the BIOPAN astrobiology payload. For 10 days, groups of tardigrades, some of them previously dehydrated, some of them not, were exposed to the hard vacuum of outer space, or vacuum and solar UV radiation. Back on Earth, over 68% of the subjects protected from solar UV radiation were reanimated within 30 minutes following rehydration, although subsequent mortality was high; many of these produced viable embryos. In contrast, hydrated samples exposed to the combined effect of vacuum and full solar UV radiation had significantly reduced survival, with only three subjects of Milnesium tardigradum surviving. In May 2011, Italian scientists sent tardigrades on board the International Space Station along with extremophiles on STS-134, the final flight of Space Shuttle Endeavour. Their conclusion was that microgravity and cosmic radiation “did not significantly affect survival of tardigrades in flight, and stated that tardigrades represent a useful animal for space research.” In November 2011, they were among the organisms to be sent by the U.S.-based Planetary Society on the Russian Fobos-Grunt mission’s Living Interplanetary Flight Experiment to Phobos; however, the launch failed. In August 2019, scientists reported that a capsule containing tardigrades in a cryptobiotic state may have survived for a while on the Moon after the April 2019 crash landing of Beresheet, a failed Israeli lunar lander.

The cone of plausibility - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP084
The cone of plausibility
Forensic Facial Reconstruction - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP393
Forensic Facial Reconstruction
Instant Housing by Winfried Baumann - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP258
Instant Housing by Winfried Baumann
Evander Holyfield VS Mike Tyson - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP206
Evander Holyfield VS Mike Tyson
Dancing Mania - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP254
Dancing Mania
ROOM 666 - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP150
ROOM 666
Grackels Invade Walmart Parking Lot - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP216
Grackels Invade Walmart Parking Lot
Pykrete - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP429
Pykrete
Wound Man - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP051
Wound Man
Chicxulub Crater - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP409
Chicxulub Crater
Dempsey and Firpo - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP326
Dempsey and Firpo

You are using an outdated browser.
Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.