The Gouldian finch (Chloebia gouldiae), also known as the Lady Gouldian finch, Gould’s finch or the rainbow finch, is a colourful passerine bird that is native to Australia.
The Gouldian finch was described by British ornithological artist John Gould in 1844 as Amadina gouldiae, in honour of his deceased wife Elizabeth. It is also known as the rainbow finch, Gould’s finch, or the Lady Gouldian finch and sometimes just Gould. It is a member of the estrildid-finch family Estrildidae, which is sometimes considered a subfamily of Passeridae.
It has been placed in the genus Chloebia, as Chloebia gouldiae.