Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

Exploding Head Syndrome

ADDPMP532
Exploding Head Syndrome - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

Exploding head syndrome (EHS) is an abnormal sensory perception during sleep in which a person experiences unreal noises that are loud and of short duration when falling asleep or waking up. The noise may be frightening, typically occurs only occasionally, and is not a serious health concern. People may also experience a flash of light. Pain is typically absent.

The cause is unknown. Potential explanations include ear problems, temporal lobe seizure, nerve dysfunction, or specific genetic changes. Potential risk factors include psychological stress. It is classified as a sleep disorder or headache disorder. People often go undiagnosed.

There is no high quality evidence to support treatment. Reassurance may be sufficient. Clomipramine and calcium channel blockers have been tried. While the frequency of the condition is not well studied, some have estimated that it occurs in about 10% of people. Females are reportedly more commonly affected. The condition was initially described at least as early as 1876. The current name came into use in 1988.

The Fourth Sex - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP027
The Fourth Sex
Hoover Dam Flag - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP161
Hoover Dam Flag
Russian Gangsters Tombstones - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP236
Russian Gangsters Tombstones
The Mirror Test - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP146
The Mirror Test
Other World Kingdom - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP463
Other World Kingdom
Windblown Dogs - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP336
Windblown Dogs
Remote Control Beetles - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP091
Remote Control Beetles
Peanut Hole - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP521
Peanut Hole
Fires of Kuwait - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP547
Fires of Kuwait
Olympus Mons - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP441
Olympus Mons
Da Vinci - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP041
Da Vinci
The Psychiatric Bulletin - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP156
The Psychiatric Bulletin

You are using an outdated browser.
Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.