Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

Atlantis

ADDPMP119
Atlantis - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

Atlantis is a fictional island mentioned within an allegory on the hubris of nations in Plato’s works Timaeus and Critias, where it represents the antagonist naval power that besieges “Ancient Athens”, the pseudo-historic embodiment of Plato’s ideal state in The Republic. In the story, Athens repels the Atlantean attack unlike any other nation of the known world, supposedly giving testament to the superiority of Plato’s concept of a state. The story concludes with Atlantis falling out of favor with the deities and submerging into the Atlantic Ocean.

Despite its minor importance in Plato’s work, the Atlantis story has had a considerable impact on literature. The allegorical aspect of Atlantis was taken up in utopian works of several Renaissance writers, such as Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis and Thomas More’s Utopia. On the other hand, nineteenth-century amateur scholars misinterpreted Plato’s narrative as historical tradition, most famously in Ignatius L. Donnelly’s Atlantis: The Antediluvian World. Plato’s vague indications of the time of the events—more than 9,000 years before his time —and the alleged location of Atlantis—”beyond the Pillars of Hercules”—has led to much pseudoscientific speculation. As a consequence, Atlantis has become a byword for any and all supposed advanced prehistoric lost civilizations and continues to inspire contemporary fiction, from comic books to films.

While present-day philologists and classicists agree on the story’s fictional character, there is still debate on what served as its inspiration. As for instance with the story of Gyges, Plato is known to have freely borrowed some of his allegories and metaphors from older traditions. This led a number of scholars to investigate possible inspiration of Atlantis from Egyptian records of the Thera eruption, the Sea Peoples invasion, or the Trojan War. Others have rejected this chain of tradition as implausible and insist that Plato created an entirely fictional nation as his example, drawing loose inspiration from contemporary events such as the failed Athenian invasion of Sicily in 415–413 BC or the destruction of Helike in 373 BC.

Binoculars Building - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP278
Binoculars Building
Yaeba - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP561
Yaeba
Physalia physalis - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP364
Physalia physalis
Olmec Colossal Heads - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP042
Olmec Colossal Heads
Dennis Tito - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP135
Dennis Tito
Tales of Mystery and Imagination - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP056
Tales of Mystery and Imagination
The Raven Paradox - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP353
The Raven Paradox
Cholita Climbers - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP455
Cholita Climbers
Laurent Melki - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP114
Laurent Melki
Pellegrina - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP457
Pellegrina
Cortical Homunculus - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP408
Cortical Homunculus
Shuttle Endeavor in the streets of Los Angeles - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP241
Shuttle Endeavor in the streets of Los Angeles

You are using an outdated browser.
Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.