Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program

4'33"

ADDPMP085

4′33″ (pronounced “four minutes, thirty-three seconds” or just “four thirty-three”) is a three-movement composition by American experimental composer John Cage (1912–1992). It was composed in 1952, for any instrument or combination of instruments, and the score instructs the performer(s) not to play their instrument(s) during the entire duration of the piece throughout the three movements. The piece consists of the sounds of the environment that the listeners hear while it is performed,[4] although it is commonly perceived as “four minutes thirty-three seconds of silence”. The title of the piece refers to the total length in minutes and seconds of a given performance, 4′33″ being the total length of the first public performance.

Conceived around 1947–48, while the composer was working on Sonatas and Interludes, 4′33″ became for Cage the epitome of his idea that any sounds may constitute music. It was also a reflection of the influence of Zen Buddhism, which Cage had studied since the late 1940s. In a 1982 interview, and on numerous other occasions, Cage stated that 4′33″ was, in his opinion, his most important work. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians describes 4′33″ as Cage’s “most famous and controversial creation”.

4'33" - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
Wonderland Amusement Park - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP189
Wonderland Amusement Park
Phineas Gage - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP555
Phineas Gage
Articulatory Phonetics - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP525
Articulatory Phonetics
Freezing Rain - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP301
Freezing Rain
Sam Little Portraits - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP094
Sam Little Portraits
Polyphemus - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP130
Polyphemus
Sinkhole - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP191
Sinkhole
Deep Blue - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP399
Deep Blue
Miracle Lone Pine Tree - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP167
Miracle Lone Pine Tree
The Truman Show Delusion - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP426
The Truman Show Delusion
Alexis Zorbas (1964) - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP004
Alexis Zorbas (1964)
The Jarkov Mammoth - © Attention Deficit Disorder Prosthetic Memory Program
ADDPMP389
The Jarkov Mammoth

You are using an outdated browser.
Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.